Momente inedite din istoria lumii, documentate de Biblioteca

 

 

Momenteย inediteย dinย istoria lumii, documentate deย Biblioteca
โ€ข 18 ๐™–๐™ช๐™œ๐™ช๐™จ๐™ฉ 1936 โ€“ ๐™š๐™ง๐™– ๐™ช๐™˜๐™ž๐™จ ๐™๐™š๐™™๐™š๐™ง๐™ž๐™˜๐™ค ๐™‚๐™–๐™ง๐™˜๐™žฬ๐™– ๐™‡๐™ค๐™ง๐™˜๐™–, ๐™˜๐™š๐™ก ๐™ข๐™–๐™ž ๐™ž๐™ข๐™ฅ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ฉ ๐™ฅ๐™ค๐™š๐™ฉ ๐™จฬฆ๐™ž ๐™™๐™ง๐™–๐™ข๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ช๐™ง๐™œ ๐™จ๐™ฅ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ก ๐™–๐™ก ๐™จ๐™š๐™˜๐™ค๐™ก๐™ช๐™ก๐™ช๐™ž ๐™“๐™“.
รŽn timpul Rฤƒzboiului Civil din Spania, Garcรญa Lorca (38 ani) a refuzat sฤƒ se refugieze รฎn Columbia sau รฎn Mexic atunci cรขnd a izbucnit Rฤƒzboiul Civil. Ambasadorii acestor state รฎi oferiserฤƒ ajutor deoarece intuiserฤƒ cฤƒ poetul ar putea deveni victima unui atentat, pentru cฤƒ era un funcศ›ionar รฎnalt รฎn cadrul Republicii.
๐—ฃ๐—ผ๐—ฒ๐˜๐˜‚๐—น ๐—ฎ ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐˜€๐—ฎฬ†-๐˜€ฬฆ๐—ถ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฎฬ† ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ ๐—ถฬ‚๐—ป ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ฎ ๐˜€๐—ฎ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—š๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐—ฎ, ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฎฬ‚๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎฬ† ๐—ป๐˜‚ ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐˜ƒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ถ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐˜ฬฆ๐—ถ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ถ ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ.
๐Ÿ“Œ รŽn urma unui denunศ› anonim, pe 16 august 1936 Lorca a fost arestat pe cรขnd se afla รฎn casa unui amic, poetul Luis Rosales. Acesta a obศ›inut din partea autoritฤƒศ›ilor naศ›ionaliste promisiunea cฤƒ Lorca va fi pus รฎn libertate dacฤƒ nu va exista nici un denunศ› รฎmpotriva sa. Acest denunศ› a venit din partea unor moศ™ieri care priveau cu ochi rฤƒi ideile progresiste ale tatฤƒlui lui Lorca.
๐Ÿ“Œ Ordinul de execuศ›ie a fost dat de guvernatorul civil al Granadei, Josรฉ Valdรฉs Guzmรกn, ศ™i รฎn zorii zilei de 18 august 1936 Federico Garcรญa Lorca a fost asasinat รฎntre Vรญznar ศ™i Alfacar, iar cadavrul sฤƒu รฎncฤƒ zace undeva, รฎntr-o groapฤƒ comunฤƒ.
โ€ž๐—–๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—น ๐—น๐˜‚๐—ถ ๐—Ÿ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ ๐—ป๐˜‚ ๐˜€-๐—ฎ ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜ ๐—ป๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ฑ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฎฬ†. ๐—”๐˜‚ ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ผ ๐—บ๐˜‚๐—น๐˜ฬง๐—ถ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ ๐˜‡๐˜ƒ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ถ ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฎ ๐—น๐˜‚๐—ถ, ๐—ถ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ ๐—ฆ๐—ฎ๐—น๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐——๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ถฬ ๐—ฎ ๐˜€๐˜‚๐—ด๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฐ๐—ฎฬ† ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ ๐—ณ๐—ถ ๐—น๐—ฎ ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ท๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฐ ๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎฬ†๐—น๐—ผ๐˜€ฬง๐—ถ๐—ฒ ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฎฬ† ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ ๐—ต๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ผ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐˜…๐˜‚๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฎ ๐—น๐˜‚๐—ถ (๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฎฬ†). ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎฬ†๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—น ๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎฬ† ๐—Ÿ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ ๐—ฎ ๐—บ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜‚ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎฬ† ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—ฒ๐˜. <๐— ๐—ผ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ด๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ฬง๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ถ!> ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ ๐˜‚๐—ป๐˜‚๐—น ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—น๐—ผ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ ๐—ถฬ‚๐—ป ๐˜๐—ถ๐—บ๐—ฝ๐˜‚๐—น ๐—ฟ๐—ฎฬ†๐˜‡๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐—ถ๐˜‚๐—น๐˜‚๐—ถโ€, scrie Luis Buรฑuel รฎn โ€žUltimul meu suspin”, carte pe care o puteศ›i gฤƒsi ศ™i รฎn colecศ›iile Bibliotecii Judeศ›ene โ€žV. Voiculescuโ€.
โ€ข ๐™‹๐™š ๐™ก๐™–ฬ‚๐™ฃ๐™œ๐™–ฬ† ๐™ค๐™ฅ๐™š๐™ง๐™š๐™ก๐™š ๐™จ๐™˜๐™ง๐™ž๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ช๐™ก ๐™จ๐™ฅ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ก, ๐™žฬ‚๐™ฃ ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ก๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉฬฆ๐™ž๐™ž๐™ก๐™š ๐™—๐™ž๐™—๐™ก๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฉ๐™š๐™˜๐™ž๐™ž ๐™ฃ๐™ค๐™–๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™š ๐™จ๐™š ๐™–๐™›๐™ก๐™–ฬ† ๐™จฬฆ๐™ž ๐™ข๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ค๐™œ๐™ง๐™–๐™›๐™ž๐™ž๐™ก๐™š โ€ž๐™๐™š๐™™๐™š๐™ง๐™ž๐™˜๐™ค ๐™‚๐™–๐™ง๐™˜๐™žฬ๐™– ๐™‡๐™ค๐™ง๐™˜๐™–โ€, ๐™™๐™š ๐˜ฟ๐™–๐™ง๐™ž๐™š ๐™‰๐™ค๐™ซ๐™–ฬ†๐™˜๐™š๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ช, ๐™จฬฆ๐™ž โ€ž๐™๐™š๐™™๐™š๐™ง๐™ž๐™˜๐™ค ๐™‚๐™–๐™ง๐™˜๐™žฬ๐™– ๐™‡๐™ค๐™ง๐™˜๐™– ๐™ง๐™–๐™ฅ๐™จ๐™ค๐™™๐™ช๐™กโ€, ๐™™๐™š ๐™Š๐™ซ๐™ž๐™™๐™ž๐™ช ๐˜ฟ๐™ง๐™ž๐™ข๐™—๐™–.

 

 

 

 

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